By Edwin S. Hunt, James Murray
A background of commercial in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550, demolishes the generally held view that the word "medieval business" is an oxymoron. The authors evaluate the complete variety of industrial in medieval western Europe, probing its Roman and Christian historical past to find the industrial and political forces that formed the association of agriculture, production, building, mining, transportation, and advertising. Then they take care of the responses of businessmen to the devastating plagues, famines, and struggle that beset Europe within the past due heart a while. Medieval businessmen's impressive luck in dealing with this adversarial new setting ready the best way for the industrial enlargement of the 16th century.
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Extra info for A History of Business in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks)
Enhanced production of cereal crops demanded more lands beyond the settled islands of traditional village communities surrounded by tracts of forests, swamps, and waste. The conquest of the medieval frontier from the ninth to the thirteenth century is perhaps the best demonstration of the power inherent in the manorial social system. The dynamic was much the same: lords provided capital and incentives to peasants in order to capture their labor for the realization of a variety of objectives. Here, the lords – monasteries, princes, knights – offered peasants special privileges and power over newly won agricultural land.
Before the Black Death nessman in their integration of regional and long-distance trade through urban centers following the established pattern of annual fairs. And in true medieval fashion, they succeeded in becoming something new in the guise of something old, conforming to the role of a rendezvous of merchants while at the same time becoming a bridge between the great European economic zones of north and Mediterranean south. We have seen that medieval business grew in the interstices of the dominant institutional forms of lordship and peasant-based agriculture.
The Champagne fairs are significant for many reasons, but above all they symbolize the true dawning of the age of the international busi- Part I. Before the Black Death nessman in their integration of regional and long-distance trade through urban centers following the established pattern of annual fairs. And in true medieval fashion, they succeeded in becoming something new in the guise of something old, conforming to the role of a rendezvous of merchants while at the same time becoming a bridge between the great European economic zones of north and Mediterranean south.