By Timothy J. Stapleton
An army background of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the top of Apartheid represents the 1st accomplished army background of South Africa from the start of ecu colonization within the Cape in the course of the 1650s to the present postapartheid republic. With specific emphasis at the final two hundred years, this balanced research stresses the historic value of struggle and armed forces constructions within the shaping of recent South African society. vital issues comprise army model in the course of the means of colonial conquest and African resistance, the expansion of South Africa as a local army strength from the early twentieth century, and South African involvement in conflicts of the decolonization period. equipped chronologically, every one bankruptcy studies the key conflicts, regulations, and army problems with a selected interval in South African heritage. assurance comprises the wars of colonial conquest (1830-69), the diamond wars (1869-81), the gold wars (1886-1910), global Wars I and II (1910-45), and the apartheid wars (1948-94).
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Extra resources for A Military History of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the End of Apartheid
C. Napier of the CMR, from King William’s Town, to attack the Xhosa of Siyolo. Napier’s force, consisting of two companies of British regulars, 100 CMR, and numerous settler volunteers—in total 1,100 men—marched in a direction that would block Siyolo if he attempted to move northwest toward the Amatola Mountains to link up with Sandile’s people. MacKinnon’s column, made up of three companies of British regulars, 100 CMR, some settler levies, and the Fort Peddie Fingo— a total of 1,150 men—supported by two cannon advanced on Siyolo’s settlement, destroyed it and withdrew with some cattle.
Almost every person in Boer society contributed to the war effort. Men did much of the ﬁghting, but on the battleﬁeld women loaded weapons and servants held horses. Logistically, their campaigns were supported by livestock stolen from African communities. The key to Boer success lay in concentrated use of ﬁrepower from behind fortiﬁcation, funneling of enemies into narrow killing zones, and ﬁre and movement that lured African forces into attacks on prepared positions. Superior mobility was important.
The Ndebele then withdrew with 6,000 cattle and 40,000 sheep that the Boers had kept outside the laager. One hundred and ﬁfty Ndebele died in the assault, and it has been estimated that a total of 450 were killed in the entire engagement. Only two Boers were killed and a dozen wounded. Boer horsemen pursued the Ndebele but failed to recover their livestock. Over the next two months Potgieter and recently arrived Gert Martiz rallied Boer newcomers and recruited Griqua and Rolong Tswana allies, who had been displaced by Mzilikazi some years before, for an offensive against the Ndebele.