By T. WEISSKOPF
Arguably, of an important nationwide stories with regulations of optimistic discrimination in desire of traditionally deprived ethnic or caste minority teams are the situations of 'Affirmative motion' within the usa and 'Reservation guidelines' in India. This crucial new booklet examines the implications of affirmative motion in either nations utilizing a transparent cost-benefit research. All people with an curiosity in affirmative motion will enjoy the book's lucidity, use of facts and coverage implications.
Read Online or Download Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy, 56) PDF
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Extra info for Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy, 56)
The stratification is multidimensional. Cultural, linguistic, and/or religious differences stratify the society horizontally. The caste system – whose influence extends well beyond Hindu society to minority religions as well – stratifies the society vertically (as well as horizontally). Weisskopf and rule” policies of the British colonial authorities accentuated and aggravated some of the most important differences among communities (notably those between Hindus and Muslims, which led to the partition of British India).
It follows, therefore, that in order to really level the playing field, it is necessary to give preferences in educational, employment, and other selection processes to members of under-represented ethnic groups. Another argument very frequently invoked by advocates of affirmative action in the US is that of compensatory justice. There can be no denying that African Americans have endured a long history of injustice at the hands of White Americans; and a comparable case can be made for Native Americans.
8 Members of an under-represented minority group are particularly likely to lack such social capital, precisely because their own community is under-represented in high-status jobs and positions of responsibility. 9 In India the arguments most often made in favor of reservations for SCs and STs include several – but not all – of those advanced in support of affirmative action in the US. Unquestionably the most frequently and passionately voiced argument – ever since the concerns of the then “untouchables” were first brought to bear forcefully on Indian national consciousness by Dr.