By Duane A. Garrett
This 3rd quantity within the Baylor instruction manual at the Hebrew Bible sequence presents specialist, finished information in answering major questions about the Hebrew textual content. whereas reflecting the newest advances in scholarship on Hebrew grammar and linguistics, the paintings makes use of a method that's lucid adequate to function an invaluable agent for educating and self-study.
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Extra info for Amos: A Handbook on the Hebrew Text (Baylor Handbook on the Hebrew Bible)
Negated qal qatal 3 c p of שׁמר. 2:4c: Second Strophe. 2 lines. As in the Edom oracle, this strophe, headed by a wayyiqtol, constitutes a secondary accusation. יהם ֶ֔ עּום ִּכזְ ֵב ֙ וַ ּיַ ְתA2a 2:4c יהם׃ ֽ ֶ בֹותם ַא ֲח ֵר ֖ ָ ר־ה ְל ֥כּו ֲא ָ ֲא ֶׁשA2b Line A2a: The colon-marker is zaqeph qaton and the constraints are: 1 predicator, 2 constituents, and 2 units. ֙וַ ּיַ ְתעּום. Hiphil wayyiqtol 3 m p of תעהwith a 3 m p suffix referring to the people of Judah.
N+1 formula generally indicates that the latter number is the specific number of examples that the teacher will enumerate. For example, Proverbs 6:16 says, “There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him,” and verses 17-19 go on to list seven sins. This is not the case in Amos, where for Damascus he cites only one specific sin. The “for three . . ” It is noteworthy, however, that 3 + 4 = 7, and this is an important number for Amos. The oracles against the nations specify 6 Gentile states plus Judah, the covenant people, for seven oracles of judgment (the fact that Israel is the eighth nation is significant, as discussed below).
4. ּתי ֙ ִ וְ ָ ֽׁש ַב ְר. Qal weqatal 1 c s of שׁבר. This continues the mainline prediction begun in the previous lines. יח ַּד ֶּ֔מ ֶׂשק ַ ְּב ִ ֣ר. The direct object. The bar of Damascus, by synecdoche, represents the gate of the city, which in turn represents its defenses. The point is that all of the city’s defenses will fail. Line Bd: The colon-marker is zaqeph qaton and the constraints are: 1 predicator, 3 constituents, and 3 units (ת־אוֶ ן ָ ִּב ְק ַעis regarded as a proper name and therefore as 1 unit).