By Christopher Dyer
Christopher Dyer examines the transition within the economic system and society of britain among 1250 and 1550. utilizing new resources of facts, he demonstrates that vital structural alterations after 1350 equipped at the advertisement progress of the 13th century. He exhibits that improvement of person estate, reaction to new intake styles, and use of credits and funding, got here from the peasantry instead of the aristocracy. An Age of Transition?, an important new paintings through a most sensible medievalist, unearths how England used to be set on target to develop into the 'first commercial nation'.
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Extra resources for An Age of Transition?: Economy and Society in England in the Later Middle Ages (The Ford Lectures Delivered in the University of Oxford in Hilary Term 2001)
Serfdom and Slavery: Studies in Legal Bondage (Harlow, 1996), 277–95; M. Mu¨ller, ‘The Aims and Organisation of a Peasant Revolt in Early Fourteenth-Century Wiltshire’, Rural History: Economy, Society, Culture, 14 (2003), 1–20. 36 A New Middle Ages an element of fluidity in late medieval society. Migration can be identified as a major feature of the period 1250–1350. 91 After the Black Death the rate of migration probably increased, in defiance of the new restrictions imposed under the labour laws.
85 Entry fines, marriage fines, and recognition fines were sometimes pegged at 84 P. Vinogradoff, Villainage in England (Oxford, 1892), 43–220; R. H. Hilton, ‘Freedom and Villeinage in England’, P&P 31 (1965), 3–19; P. R. Hyams, Kings, Lords and Peasants in Medieval England: The Common Law of Villeinage in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries (Oxford, 1980); P. R. Schofield, Peasant and Community in Medieval England 1200–1500 (Basingstoke, 2003), 12–17, 107–13. 85 R. M. Smith, ‘Some Thoughts on ‘‘Hereditary’’ and ‘‘Proprietary’’ Rights in Land Under Customary Law in Thirteenth and Fourteenth Century England’, Law and History Review, 1 (1983), 95–128; E.
The areas of ‘marginal lands’ often provided the right environment for industrial development, with their minerals and fuel (in the Forest of Dean, for example). Many potential workers lived there, who had time for extracting raw materials and manufacture as their work in pastoral agriculture did not keep them fully occupied. When the population declined after the Black Death, the ‘marginal areas’ often retained people while villages were shrinking and even being deserted on the better-quality arable lands of the midlands 72 Campbell, ‘Agricultural Progress’; J.