Ancient Medicine: Selected Papers of Ludwig Edelstein by Ludwig Edelstein

By Ludwig Edelstein

A vintage research of medication in antiquity, historical drugs brings jointly a lot of Ludwig Edelstein's most crucial paintings on an issue that occupied him all through a distinct occupation. incorporated is his widely recognized translation of and remark at the Hippocratic Oath, in addition to his different writings at the oath which exhibit how strange it really is of Greek clinical notion. The booklet additionally explores the impact of empiricism and skepticism on Greek and Roman medication, the perform of anatomy and dietetics in antiquity, and the relation of old medication to historical philosophy.

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Meibom, Hippot:,ratis Jus Jurandum, 1643, p. 163. u The q uestion of specialists in antiquity has been widely discu ssed . That from Alexandrian times on medicine became specialized can hardly be doubted. ln Rome specialization in certain diseases reached a clímax. Nothing definite is known about 28 THE HIPPOCRATIC OATH But Iithotomy as performed in antiquity was n ot a more daring opera­ tion than many another which the general practitioner undertook with­ out hesitation. 87 lf moderation on his part is the gen eral issue, why is he n ot asked to forezo the treatment of ali diseases for which the ancients had specialists ?

Daremberg, op. cit . , p. 8 , n . 6, with regard t o Littré's translation : " Le text s e refuse absolument à ce sens. " With Daremberg agree Deichgraber, op. cit . , p . 3 1 , and Kõrner, op, cit. , p. 1 1 . The latter qu ite rightly points out that in Littré's interpretation the words are a mere duplication of what is said later on, cf. below, p . 33. H Cf. g. , Ps. Hippocrates , Epidemiae, 1, 1 1 , quoted above, n. 23 , where the aim of medicine is defined as "to help or not to harm . " 61 For the Pythagoreans, cf.

63 1 , says: "Je m 'abstiend rai de tout mal et de toute i nj ustice" ; the sarne meaning is given by F. Adams, The Genuine Works of Hippocrates, l i , 1 88 6 , p. 279, and also by Jones, op. cit. , p. 9. But dpEe•11 is transitive ; it cannot possibly refer to the physician himself, cf. Daremberg, op. cit . , p. 8 , n . 6, with regard t o Littré's translation : " Le text s e refuse absolument à ce sens. " With Daremberg agree Deichgraber, op. cit . , p . 3 1 , and Kõrner, op, cit. , p. 1 1 . The latter qu ite rightly points out that in Littré's interpretation the words are a mere duplication of what is said later on, cf.

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