By Peter Marren
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Britain used to be a spot of clash at nighttime a long time, among the departure of the Romans and the Norman Conquest. Clashes of allegiance, festival for territory and assets, and severe rivalries one of the warlords and kings gave upward thrust to widespread outbreaks of struggling with. This used to be the time of mythical army leaders, like Arthur, Alfred and Canute, and of actually hundreds and hundreds of battles. during this attention-grabbing e-book, Peter Marren investigates this harassed period of conflict, seems to be for the truth in the back of the myths, and makes use of the thoughts of contemporary scholarship to teach how battles have been fought in that brutal age, the place they have been fought, and why.
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Extra info for Battles of the Dark Ages
The Saxon Conquest of England 41 Another view of the Battle of Deorham has Ceawlin occupying the heights above the present village and falling on the Britons as they advance. The field system shown so clearly on the scarp slope probably pre-dates the battle. it turned out, with the annihilation of the British field army and the death of their leaders, the three cities fell to Ceawlin. The archaeological record suggests that Cirencester and Bath both fell without a fight. It was at this point that their names changed from the British Caer Ceri and Caer Baddan to the Old English Cirenceaster and Bathanceaster.
We can only speculate why the battle was fought at this deeply rural spot among the Cotswold Hills. Perhaps Ceawlin, who was accompanied by his son Cuthwine, had changed his strategy from besieging hill-forts to a mobile strike into the heart of enemy territory. He seems to have chosen to march through the 'strategic triangle', avoiding the strongly defended cities and aiming to isolate the Britons of the Severn valley from those of Somerset and Devon. The British massed to oppose him, led by three 'kings' (kyningas in the Chronicle, tyranni in British sources) named as Coinmail, Condiddan and Farinmail.
So entirely had the vintage, once so fine, degenerated and become bitter that, in the words of the prophet, there was hardly a grape or ear of corn to be seen where the husbandman had turned his back. Mount Badon and King Arthur 45 The hapless Britons fled overseas or yielded themselves as slaves. Others retreated into forests or occupied 'high hills, steep and fortified' - that is, they refortified the old hill-forts. Gildas gives no sense of a planned military campaign of conquest by the Saxon immigrants.