By Stephen Rippon
The numerous personality of Britain's geographical region and cities offers groups with a powerful feel of neighborhood id. the most major positive aspects of the southern British panorama is the way in which that its personality differs from sector to area, with compact villages within the Midlands contrasting with the sprawling hamlets of East Anglia and remoted farmsteads of Devon. much more striking is the very "English" suppose of the panorama in southern Pembrokeshire, within the a long way south west of Wales.
Hoskins defined the English panorama as "the richest old list we possess," and during this publication Stephen Rippon explores the origins of nearby diversifications in panorama personality, arguing that whereas a few landscapes date again to the centuries each side of the Norman Conquest, different parts throughout southern Britain underwent a profound switch round the eighth century advert.
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Extra info for Beyond the Medieval Village: The Diversification of Landscape Character in Southern Britain (Medieval History and Archaeology)
In assessing the degree of settlement nucleation and dispersion it was important not to carry out the analysis in a too mechanistic way as some parishes 36 Beyond the Medieval Village in Somerset were very large and clearly embraced a number of separate communities known as tithings (equivalent to the ‘townships’ of northern England: Winchester 1990, 6–7). Unfortunately we do not have a deﬁnitive map of Somerset’s tithings, although documentary sources allow them to be reconstructed with a fair degree of accuracy.
The morphology of the blocks of long narrow ﬁelds surrounding the village is suggestive of former common ﬁeld, and this is supported by the highly fragmented pattern of landownership and occupancy in the Tithe Survey (see Fig. 6). 5 Whitestaunton Wambrook 0 2 km Fig. 6. e. 1840. In Combe St Nicholas the highly fragmented pattern of landholding supports the hypothesis derived from historic landscape character that the village was surrounded by an extensive common ﬁeld system. In contrast, in the north of the parish, and in Wambrook and Whitestaunton, isolated farmsteads held compact blocks of closes in severalty (drawing and research by Chris Smart, Jenny Viner, and Adam Wainwright).
To the south lies the Vale of Taunton Deane beyond which lie the Blackdown Hills, an extensive area of relatively ﬂat-topped uplands separated by a series of broad valleys. To the east of the Quantock and Blackdown Hills lies an extensive lowland plain that extends across much of southern and eastern Somerset, and which is drained by a series of rivers—the Tone, Isle, Parrett, Yeo, Cary, and Brue—that ﬂow north and west into the Somerset Levels. The Levels dominate central Somerset, and before their reclamation this vast expanse of wetland comprised a mosaic of environments, notably saltmarshes and mudﬂats towards the coast, and freshwater peat bogs in the lower-lying inland ‘backfens’.