By Matthew Worley, Kevin Morgan, Norman LaPorte
Bringing jointly top specialists and leading edge students, this assortment re-examines the defining innovations of Stalinism and the Stalinization odel. the purpose of the publication is to discover how the typical imperatives of a centralized circulation have been skilled throughout nationwide limitations.
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Extra resources for Bolshevism, Stalinism and the Comintern : Perspectives on Stalinization, 1917-53
A minority, which grew in strength as the war progressed, opposed this and stuck to traditional internationalist positions. The The Stalinization of the KPD 29 split of 1917 and the creation of the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands; USPD) showed that the issue was not so much a traditional division between right and left as the party’s attitude to the war. After all, the war was a catastrophe, not only for the workers’ movement but for the whole of society.
Under such leaders as Fischer, Maslow and Thälmann, the left was a mix of intellectuals and radical workers who had joined the USPD en route to the KPD in 1920. Their main base of support was among radicalized The Stalinization of the KPD 35 workers, especially the unemployed. After the Comintern intervened to moderate KPD policy in 1925, the left fragmented. A number of ultraleft groupings were expelled, while the remainder joined the procommunist left under Thälmann. g. parliamentarians, propagandists, editors) and apparatus ofﬁcials (most notably Walter Ulbricht), who avoided taking sides in factional feuds.
Whilst Rosa Luxemburg still rejected some of the Bolsheviks’ violent actions and their dictatorial methods, Bolshevism and Soviet Russia quickly prevailed as the idol of the radical left in Germany. 25 The young party was initially a weak organization, under the leadership of Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (who were both murdered on 15 January 1919) and their successors. It became a mass party at the end of 1920 when it was joined by the left of the USPD. The history of the KPD took a course which corresponded to the three stages of the Weimar Republic.