By By (author) William Butterfield, By (author) Chuan Chen By (author) Vivien Foster
Lately, a few rising economies have started to play a becoming function within the finance of infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa. Their mixed source flows are actually similar in scale to conventional authentic improvement tips (ODA) from organization for fiscal Co-operation and improvement (OECD) nations or to capital from deepest traders. those rising financiers comprise China, India, and the Gulf States, with China being by way of a ways the biggest participant. regardless of its value, quite little is understood in regards to the price of chinese language finance. 'Building Bridges' quantifies the importance of monetary flows from China via collating public details from a variety of chinese resources. in this foundation, it turns into attainable to rfile the geographic distribution of assets, the kinds of infrastructures concerned, the scale and financing phrases of the initiatives, and the modalities during which finance is being supplied.
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Additional resources for Building Bridges: China's Growing Role As Infrastructure Financier for Africa (Trends and Policy Options)
22 Building Bridges: China’s Growing Role as Infrastructure Financier for Sub-Saharan Africa Rail As stated earlier (see box 1), China began its foray into Africa in large part through the construction of the Tanzania-Zambia railway in the 1970s. In 2001, China pledged continued financial support for the railway; however, it was not possible to confirm whether this led to any definitive agreements. In recent years, China has made a major comeback in the African rail sector, with financing commitments on the order of US$4 billion for this sector.
Second, MOFCOM also has local Economic and Commercial Counselor’s Offices (ECCOs) housed within the network of Chinese embassies across Africa. The ECCOs normally have well-maintained Web sites reporting local projects with Chinese involvement, and are in close contact with events on the ground. Third, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well as the State-Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council also report project-specific information from time to time on their Web sites, especially relating to large projects.
It is important to clarify that all the infrastructure projects captured in the database are projects with official financial assistance and do not constitute FDI. That is to say that the projects are entirely debt financed, typically by the China Ex-Im Bank. There are also some grant projects funded by the Ministry of Commerce. In none of these cases do the enterprises involved put in any of their own equity, which is a key element of the definition of FDI. The only possible area of ambiguity relates to the projects (a) equity financed by 14 Building Bridges: China’s Growing Role as Infrastructure Financier for Sub-Saharan Africa Figure 3: Chinese-financed infrastructure projects in sub-Saharan Africa that could be validated from different sources, 2001–07 Source: World Bank–PPIAF Chinese Projects Database (2008).