Caesar's Conquest of Gaul : The Illustrated by Bob Carruthers

By Bob Carruthers

The Gallic Wars have been a sequence of army campaigns waged via the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar opposed to a number of Gallic tribes. They lasted from fifty eight BC to 50 BC and culminated within the decisive conflict of Alesia in fifty two BC, during which an entire Roman victory led to the growth of the Roman Republic over the total of Gaul. The wars cleared the path for Julius Caesar to develop into the only real ruler of the Roman Republic.Although Caesar portrayed this invasion as being a preemptive and shielding motion, such a lot historians agree that the wars have been fought essentially to spice up Caesar's political profession and to repay his gigantic money owed. nonetheless, Gaul used to be of vital army significance to the Romans, as those were attacked a number of instances by means of local tribes either indigenous to Gaul and extra to the north. Conquering Gaul allowed Rome to safe the usual border of the river Rhine.The Gallic Wars are defined via Julius Caesar as himself during this publication, which used to be initially titled Commentarii de Bello Gallico, it's a pertinent and simply just a little tendentious and altogether an important ancient resource concerning the clash. This up-to-date variation comprises the translated textual content and diverse illustrations depicting Roman conflict and key moments in Caesar's trip

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One thing [however] stood in the way of all this - that he had learned by experience his brother Divitiacus’s very high regard for the Roman people, his great affection toward him, his distinguished faithfulness, justice, and moderation; for he was afraid lest by the punishment of this man, he should hurt the feelings of Divitiacus. Therefore, before he attempted any thing, he orders Divitiacus to be summoned to him, and, when the ordinary interpreters had been withdrawn, converses with him through Caius Valerius Procillus, chief of the province of Gaul, an intimate friend of his, in whom he reposed the highest confidence in every thing; at the same time he reminds him of what was said about Dumnorix in the council of the Gauls, when he himself was present, and shows what each had said of him privately in his [Caesar’s] own presence; he begs and exhorts him, that, without offense to his feelings, he may either himself 35 pass judgment on him [Dumnorix] after trying the case, or else order the [Aeduan] state to do so.

This he did, chiefly, on this account, because he was unwilling that the country, from which the Helvetii had departed, should be untenanted, lest the Germans, who dwell on the other side of the Rhine, should, on account of the excellence of the lands, cross over from their own territories into those of the Helvetii, and become borderers upon the province of Gaul and the Allobroges. He granted the petition of the Aedui, that they might settle the Boii, in their own (i. e. in the Aeduan) territories, as these were known to be of distinguished valor, to whom they gave lands, and whom they afterward admitted to the same state of rights and freedom as themselves.

Accordingly our men, upon the signal being given, vigorously made an attack upon the enemy, and the enemy so suddenly and rapidly rushed forward, that there was no time for casting the javelins at them. Throwing aside [therefore] their javelins, they fought with swords hand to hand. But the Germans, according to their custom, rapidly forming 59 BOOK II 1. While Caesar was in winter quarters in Hither Gaul, as we have shown above, frequent reports were brought to him, and he was also informed by letters from Labienus, that all the Belgae, who we have said are a third part of Gaul, were entering into a confederacy against the Roman people, and giving hostages to one another; that the reasons of the confederacy were these - first, because they feared that, after all [Celtic] Gaul was subdued, our army would be led against them; secondly, because they were instigated by several of the Gauls; some of whom as [on the one hand] they had been unwilling that the Germans should remain any longer in Gaul, so [on the other] they were dissatisfied that the army of the Roman people should pass the winter in it, and settle there; and others of them, from a natural instability and fickleness of disposition, were anxious for a revolution; [the Belgae were instigated] by several, also, because the government in Gaul was generally seized upon by the more powerful persons and by those who had the means of hiring troops, and they could less easily effect this object under our dominion.

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